BrainKrave® has been scientifically formulated to give you all the vital nutrients your brain needs to run at 100% all day, every day. Optimized to perfection with 19 active ingredients, we only use the highest quality, pharmaceutical grade ingredients (no fillers, artificial ingredients, gimmicks or tricks) to provide you with a safe and healthy solution to power your brain when you need it most. Best of all – no bogus, no jitters, no crash. Only real, bottom-line results! Check out our ingredients below to see why BrainKrave® delivers to you an incredible surge of brain-boosting abilities.

 

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Choline
CHOLINECholine is an essential nutrient similar to B vitamins. It has been shown to help boost the memory and cognitive functions of its users as a nootropic (a.k.a. smart drug; a substance that boosts and intensifies cognition and memory and aides learning). Choline acts as a precursor to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine which is involved in memory, learning, mood function, and muscle contraction.In a study performed in 1995, Choline was not only shown to help slow down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease but also serve as a viable supplement in strengthening and improving memory and cognitive abilities. Unfortunately our bodies don’t produce adequate amounts so it’s necessary that we add choline to our diet to enhance our physical and mental health.

Sources:
“Choline Overview.” CholineInfo.org. Egg Nutrition Center
“Choline Science.” Food Pharma & Human Nutrition. BALCHEM
Secades, JJ, and G. Frontera. CDP-choline: Pharmacological and Clinical Review. National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 17 Oct. 1995.

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Phosphatidylserine
PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE 1Phosphatidylserine or PS is a phospholipid important to cell communication and the transfer of biochemical messages into the cell (notably within the brain and central nervous system). PS has been documented in numerous studies to be useful in improving memory and concentration because it serves to support and strengthen cell membrane walls. In turn, this increases the effectiveness of acetylcholine in the brain.One study suggests that PS supplementation was possibly shown to have a beneficial improvement in children with ADHD symptoms. Another study published in 2010 by the Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition involved 78 elderly people with mild cognitive impairment that were given 6 months of PS supplementation or a placebo. At the end of the 6 months, patients given PS were shown to experience a significant improvement in memory.
 

Sources:
“Phosphatidylserine.” All Essential Benefits/Effects/Facts & Information. Examine.com, 10 Apr. 2013.
Wong, Cathy, ND. “Phosphatidylserine – What I Should Know About It.” About.com Alternative Medicine. About.com, 1 Aug. 2013.

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Tyrosine
TYROSINETyrosine is one of the 20 amino acids used by cells to make proteins. Tyrosine plays a key role in producing the neurotransmitters dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine which are known for their ability to increase levels of energy and alertness.Have you ever felt sad, angry, scared, or annoyed? This may indicate low levels neurotransmitters such as dopamine in your system. Additionally, low dopamine levels can make it difficult to learn and retain new information. Ever feel like something goes in one ear and out the other? Solution – simply add more tyrosine in your diet to increase your dopamine levels which will leave you with a happier, positive mood and make it easier to learn new information and boost memory. How’s that for an A+ on your next exam!Some studies even suggest that tyrosine may aid in athletic performance by helping to reduce mental and physical fatigue. Tyrosine also acts as antioxidant to help combat mental fog produced by free radicals.
 

Sources:
Bennett, Suzanne. “L-Tyrosine for Energy and Good Health.” Yahoo Contributor Network. Yahoo Voices, 09 Dec. 2009.
Burns, Martha, PhD. “Dopamine and Learning: What The Brain’s Reward Center Can Teach Educators.” The Scientific Learning Blog. Scientific Learning, 18 Sept. 2012.
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. “Tyrosine.” UMM. University of Maryland Medical Center, 17 July 2011.

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Ascorbic Acid
ASCORBIC ACIDAscorbic Acid (Vitamin C) is one of the safest and most effective nutrients necessary for the growth, development and repair of all body tissues. It is also a potent antioxidant that helps promote health and protect against harmful molecules called free radicals (i.e. toxic chemicals and pollutants such as cigarette smoke). Ascorbic acid helps produce the hormones adrenaline and cortisone as well as the neurotransmitter norepinephrine. Neurotransmitters are extremely important for proper brain function and mood regulation. Because our bodies cannot make vitamin C, we must get it from our diets. Many people take it to improve many conditions such as the common cold, viruses, and infections of the immune system, heart health, depression, scurvy, and physical and mental stress.In 1960, researchers from Texas Woman’s University in Texas gave 236 school children and 115 university students IQ tests. The students’ vitamin C levels were tested and the students were classified as high or low. Mostly, the students with the highest vitamin C levels scored higher on the IQ tests by about 5 to 10 points. Later in the study, orange juice, high in vitamin C, was given to the students for six months. The results indicated that the test scores improved very little for the students who already had high vitamin C levels. However, the students with low vitamin C levels showed an increase in IQ by about 4 points. The study documented that as the blood concentration of the vitamin C increases, so does the test IQ scores.
 

Sources:
Graef, Nyomi. “Can Vitamin C Supplements Boost Mood, Memory, Intelligence and Brain Function?” Extra Happiness, 10 Jan. 2011.
Pijuan, Karen M. “The Benefits of Vitamin C.” Health Resources. Street Directory
“Vitamin C: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings – WebMD.” Find a Vitamin or Supplement. WebMD

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DMAE
CHOLINEDMAE (dimethylaminoethanol) is a natural compound fundamental in producing acetylcholine which helps nerve cells transport signals. Due to acetylcholine’s major role in several brain functions, DMAE is used for its belief to help enhance memory and mood, elevate thinking skills and intelligence, boost physical energy and athletic performance, and increase oxygen efficiency. It is also used to treat ADHA, Alzheimer’s disease, autism as well as aid in anti-aging, and improve the function of red blood cells.A study published in 2002 in the European Journal of Medical Research documented the positive effects of DMAE supplementation. 80 people (all of whom suffered from borderline emotional disturbance) were given a supplement of vitamins, mineral, and DMAE or a placebo every day over a three month period. Subjects were shown film portions with a range of emotional content six weeks into the study. After another six weeks, the same film portions were shown to them again. In studying the data, the researchers discovered that those who consumed the vitamins, minerals, and DMAE supplement showed a greater improvement in wellbeing than those who were given the placebo. The subjects also noted improvements in mood and attention.
 

Sources:
Wong, Cathy, ND. “DMAE Health Benefits, Uses, Side Effects & More.” DMAE – What Should I Know About It? About.com, 02 Aug. 2013.
“DMAE (DEANOL): Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings – WebMD.” Find a Vitamin or Supplement. WebMD

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Green Tea Extract
GREEN TEA EXTRACTGreen tea extract is not limited to healthy tea beverages but delivers a boatload of healthy benefits to your body! Green tea is extracted from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. Research on the immportant molecules called polyphenols in green tea strongly suggests their potency in fighting many diseases and ailments. It is commonly used in weight loss. Green tea contains about 2 to 4% caffeine as well as antioxidants which can help boost the production of brain cells, increase thinking and alertness, and improve spatial learning. Green tea can also be used as a relaxing agent because it contains theanine. Theanine increases GABA production which is responsible for arousing brainwaves linked with relaxation and mental clearness. It also plays a key role in balancing caffeine’s stimulatory effect so that you can feel alert without the jitters.In an interesting study, researchers studied green tea’s effects with mice. One group was given green tea and the other functioned as a control group. For three days, the researchers trained the mice to find a visible floor in a maze. Seven days later, the mice were trained to find a hidden floor. What the researchers discovered was astounding! The group given the green tea required less time to find the hidden floor. So can you use green tea the next time your keys are lost or you forget where your car is in a busy parking lot? May yes… Maybe no. However, you never know unless your try!
 

Sources:
Turner, Natasha, ND. “From Brain Power to Belly Fat: Six Lesser-Known Benefits of Green Tea | Natasha Turner, ND.” HuffPost Living Canada. The Huffington Post, 01 Aug. 2013.
“Green Tea: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings – WebMD.” Find a Vitamin or Supplement. WebMD

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Caffeine
CAFFEINECaffeine is a naturally occurring chemical stimulant found in seeds, leaves, and fruit of some plants. Its use dates back as far as 300 to 800 AD when a goat herder in Ethiopia discovered his goats did not sleep during the night after eating coffee berries. He took the berries to a monk who brewed the first batch of coffee and noticed its effects on awaking the senses and cognition.Caffeine works by activating the central nervous system (CNS), heart, muscles, and the centers that control blood pressure. As seen with the goats, it helps fight drowsiness while creating alertness. Caffeine’s stimulating properties generate fast, clear thinking, greater focus, and better body coordination. It also helps fire up the metabolism and is quickly absorbed and circulated throughout the body. An interesting study in the UK performed with bees, documented caffeine’s effectiveness on short-term memory and learning. The caffeine content in the plant Coffea was measured and the sugar content in Citrus was measured. Both plants have distinct odors and flowers that attract the bees. The bees were trained Pavlovian style (think of the Pavlov’s dog experiment) to stick out their tongues for odor and food rewards. The result was astounding! The bees that fed on the caffeinated nectar were three times better able to recall the flowers’ odor 24 hours later.Another study lead by Harris Lieberman of U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine in Natick, MA, involved a group of sailors training to become Navy Seals. During their rigorous training, they are routinely sleep-deprived and are subjected to a variety of stressors such as cold temperatures and exhausting physical activities. One group of sailors was given a caffeine supplement and the other given a placebo. The group given a moderate dose of caffeine was shown to enhance attention span and alertness. Lieberman also noted the sailors seemed to have an improvement in memory.
 

Sources:
Aubrey, Allison. “If Caffeine Can Boost The Memory Of Bees, Can It Help Us, Too?” Eating and Health. NPR, 07 Mar. 2013.
Dean, Jeremy. “What Caffeine Really Does to Your Brain.” PsyBlog, 01 Aug. 2013.

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Rhodiola
RHODIOLARhodiola rosea is a plant that grows in cold regions of Europe, Asia, and Alaska. It has been mentioned for its medicinal use dating as far back as the first century AD by the Greek physician Dioscorides. Rhodiola is used specifically for its ability to increase energy, reduce stress of the mind and body because it decreases cortisol, helps burn fat and improve brain performance. Rhodiola exerts a positive effect on neurotransmitters which can lead to an increase in energy, stamina, strength and mental capacity. It is also useful in helping the body adapt and combat physical, chemical, and environmental stress. Athletes have found it beneficial for improving their performance because of its effects to shorten recovery time. A randomized study of two different doses of Rhodiola rosea extract versus a placebo control group was conducted to measure the capacity of mental work against fatigue and stress. 161 cadets from 19 to 21 years took part in the study. The results showed Rhodiola’s effectiveness in improving the brain’s performance to counteract fatigue and stress.
 

Sources:
Grove, Ciel. “4 Ways Rhodiola Could Change Your Life.” MindBodyGreen, 08 July 2012.
Shevtsov VA, Zholus BI, Shervarly VI, et al. (Mar 2003). “A randomized trial of two different doses of Rhodiola rosea extract versus placebo and control of capacity for mental work”. Phytomedicine 10 (2–3): 95–105
“Rhodiola(Roseroot): Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings – WebMD.” Find a Vitamin or Supplement. WebMD

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Schizandrol A
SCHIZANDROL ASchizandrol-A is a dynamic herb commonly used to treat numerous illnesses as well as enhance overall physical and mental health. It is native to East Asia and is frequently used in Asian medicine. Schizandrol-A affects the brain by increasing the neurotransmitter dopamine. Clinical studies have studied its use to help improve clarity, enhance both alertness and focus, increase energy, and reduce stress in healthy individuals. It is commonly used among athletes because it stimulates the central nervous system which boosts both physical and mental performance. Another notable effect is its ability to aid in recovery. Due to its positive effects on the brain, Schizandrol-A remains one of the most dominant supplements for intensifying focus on the market.
 

Sources:
Goepp, Julius G., MD. “Vinpocetine – By Promoting Improved Blood Flow, Vinpocetine Benefits
Brain Health.” All About Supplements. Life Extension Magazine, Feb. 2006.
Planet Muscle. “Vinpocetine: Viagra For The Brain!” Bodybuilding.com, 22 Dec. 2003.
“Vinpocetine: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings – WebMD.” Find a Vitamin or Supplement. WebMD

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Vinpocetine
VINPOCETINEVinpocetine (also called Viagra for the brain!) comes from the periwinkle plant. It is one of the most powerful brain performance enhancers on the planet! Vinpocetine is used for its ability to help enhance memory, focus and cognitive performance by improving blood flow and oxygen to the brain and protecting brain cells. When combined with green tea and caffeine, vinpocetine’s effect becomes even stronger! Talk about having a sharp rock hard brain that lasts for hours!

Sources:

Goepp, Julius G., MD. “Vinpocetine – By Promoting Improved Blood Flow, Vinpocetine Benefits Brain Health.” All About Supplements. Life Extension Magazine, Feb. 2006.
Planet Muscle. “Vinpocetine: Viagra For The Brain!” Bodybuilding.com, 22 Dec. 2003.

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Niacinamide
NIACINAMIDENiacinamide is a form of Vitamin B3 responsible for supplying energy to the mitochondrial system. Niacinamide may help provide a clearer brain, increased mental energy, support a positive mood. Research has shown its amazing benefits for arthritis, stress, anxiety, diabetes, stroke, asthma, heart disease, and even as an anti-aging nutrient.In the 1970s, Dr. Abraham Hoffer, M.D. conducted many studies that further outlined niacinamide’s impressive brain benefits. His goal was to optimize mental health by normalizing the level of nutrients in the brain rather than use drugs to mask the symptoms. He discovered a phenomenal breakthrough while working with young adults with schizophrenia as well as children and adults with bipolar and behavior disorders. When these patients received high doses of niacinamide, many recovered and others showed major improvements. He also noted that the side effects (“dulling” of the brain and personality changes) common with the medications prescribed did not occur with niacinamide.
 

Sources:
Collins, Danica. “Silence the Aging Gene and Much More With Niacinamide Benefits.” Underground Health Reporter

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Vitamin B6
VITAMIN B6Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine Hydrochloride) is a water soluble compound that is needed for the function of sugars, proteins, and fats in the body. Vitamin B6 helps metabolize these nutrients from the foods that we eat to convert them to energy our body. Let’s say you’re participating in an athletic event. Vitamin B6 helps your body use your stored energy reserves so that you can perform your best. It is also needed for the normal growth and development of the brain, nerves, skin, and several other parts of the body.Vitamin B6 is used in supplementation for a variety of health problems such as premenstrual syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, ADHD, heart disease, skin problems, migraines, the immune system, and a plethora of others.
Sources:
“Pyridoxine: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings – WebMD.” Find a Vitamin or Supplement. WebMD
Wiegand, Chanté, ND. “B Vitamins: Metabolism Must-Haves.” B Vitamins: Metabolism Must-Have. The Synergy Company
Vitamin B12
VITAMIN B12Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) is a water soluble compound whose function is essential in metabolism, the formation of DNA, nerve and red blood cells, and in the maintenance of the brain and central nervous system. It helps convert carbohydrates into glucose which leads to energy production and a decrease in fatigue. Vitamin B12 can also potentially help in depression, stress, and brain shrinkage.
 

Sources:
Evert, Alison, MS, RD, CDE,. “Vitamin B12.” Vitamin B12: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Feb. 2013.
“Top 5 Benefits of Vitamin B12.” Top 5 Benefits of B12. Nesmax, 01 Mar. 2011.
“Vitamin B12: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings – WebMD.” Find a Vitamin or Supplement. WebMD

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Folic Acid
FOLIC ACIDFolic acid (Vitamin B9) is a water soluble nutrient that is critical for proper brain function and plays a crucial role in mental and emotional health. It helps produce the genetic material DNA and RNA and is extremely important in infancy when tissues and cells grow rapidly. Folic acid works synergistically with Vitamins 6 and 12 in a number of important bodily functions. Folic acid is also used in supplementation with certain cancers, folic acid deficiency, memory loss and age-related hearing loss, nerve and muscle pain, helpful for pregnant women and used for many other conditions. In 2006 the medical journal Lancet reported an amazing discovery on folic acid’s powerful brain and memory boosting benefits. In Holland, researchers lead by Jane Durga selected a group of 818 adults aged from 50 to 70 who all had low levels of folic acid and high levels of homocysteine. Each subject was randomly given 800 micrograms of folic acid or a placebo. After three years, the subjects that were given the folic acid supplement showed an improvement in cognitive functioning, especially in the areas of memory and information processing speed.Memory tests showed the folic acid group had scores equivalent to individuals 5.5 years younger. Cognitive speed tests revealed the folic acid users completed the test as well as individuals1.9 years younger. Durga remarked “Folic acid improves performance in tests that measure information processing speed and memory – domains known to decline with age.”
 

Sources:
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. “Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid).” University of Maryland Medical Center, 29 June 2011.
“Folic Acid: Boost for Your Brain?” Alliance for Aging Research: Folic Acid: Boost for Your Brain? Alliance For Aging Research, Spring 2007.

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Huperzine A
HUPERZINE AAnyone interested in brain health and vitality should take note. Huperzine A is a natural extract derived from the plant Chinese club moss Huperzia serrate. It is used in Alzheimer’s disease and other degenerative diseases by stimulating nerve cell growth allowing cells to communicate better. It also helps prevent the breakdown of the major neurotransmitter acetylcholine which is the primary player in memory function and learning. Compared with many drugs on the market, Huperzine A has been shown to be very helpful at preventing the breakdown of acetylcholine without the associated side effects. Studies have indicated patients given Huperzine A for a short duration showed greater cognitive function compared to patients given a placebo that showed a lack of change. Huperzine A may also be helpful in boosting alertness and energy by stimulating the brain’s blood circulation, improving nerve function, and reducing fatigue and muscle weakness.

Sources:
“Examining the Health Benefits of Huperzine A.” Healing.answers. Answers.com
Khalsa, Dharma S., MD. “Huperzine A: An All-Natural Secret Weapon Against Brain Aging – Nutrition – Alzheimer’s.” HealthCentral. Health Guide, 01 Feb. 2013.

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Bacopa
BACOPABacopa has become a leading player in the nootropic industry. It is an herb grown in wetlands and muddy shores that has been used for thousands of years for both traditional and medicinal purposes. Indian shamans used Bacopa believing it to “open the gateway to intelligence for the child” and help memorize epic poems – some exceeding 900 pages that were recited word for word! How cool would that be for your next exam or presentation!Today modern science is confirming the knowledge of Bacopa. Two studies point out Bacopa’s powerful effects on the brain:1. The University of Wollongong in Australia found that Bacopa could increase memory and recall ability2. The International Brain Research Conference in 1996 found that the time vital in learning a new project was shortened by around half when the subjects were given Bacopa. In fact, the subjects dominated the exercise in as little as 6 days versus the 10 days needed by the control groupIn addition to Bacopa’s wide use as a memory and focus enhancer, the benefits of Bacopa extend to other mental and emotional purposes as well. It has been used for supplementation in people with Alzheimer’s disease, stress, depression, ADD, epilepsy, mental deficiency, and anxiety.
 

Sources:
Collins, Danica. “The Dramatic Benefits of Bacopa Increase in Helping Prevent Alzheimer’s and Dementia.” Underground Health Reporter

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Riboflavin-5-Phosphate
riboflavinRiboflavin-5-Phosphate (Flavin mononucleotide) is the main form in which riboflavin (vitamin B2) is present in cells and tissue. This incredible vitamin is involved in many important processes of the body including the metabolism of fat and glucose, the making of red blood cells, and the production and regulation of special hormones. One of Riboflavin-5-Phosphate’s key roles is its ability to trigger other B-vitamins. Since most B-vitamins are water soluble and are used up rapidly in the body, they are excreted. Riboflavin-5-Phosphate aids in replenishing these lost B-vitamins, which aids in the potency of BrainKrave™.
 

Sources:
“MetaCyc FMN.” MetaCyc FMN. BioCyc

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Panthenol
PanthenolPanthenol (provitamin B5) is a form of pantothenic acid, a derivative of vitamin B5 that is completely safe and non-toxic. It has many important roles in the body which include protein synthesis, metabolism, central nervous system communication, and hormone secretion. It is also considered to be hugely beneficial to the hair and skin. This is why panthenol is commonly used in hair, skin, and makeup products.
At the Department of Neurology at Islamic Azad University in Tabriz City, Iran, a study was performed on rats that proved panthenol’s positive effect on the protection of cerebral tissue of rats with cerebral ischemia reperfusion (blood flow loss brain injury). The findings corresponded with earlier studies on the protective effects of panthenol against cell and tissue injury with ischemia reperfusion.
 

Sources:
Cross, Andrea. “What Are the Benefits of Panthenol?” WiseGeek. Conjecture Corporation, 01 Mar. 2014.
JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 61:9 2011 Sep pg 889-92

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Ginseng
ginsengGinseng is a nutritious herb and slow-growing perennial plant with fleshy roots that commonly grows in Northern China, Korea, eastern Siberia and the United States. This powerful herb functions as a spectacular physical and mental natural stimulant. It helps the body use oxygen more effectively and is believed to regulate metabolism, which can boost energy levels. Athletes, particularly those who demand quick-thinking and fast reactions along with heavy cardiovascular demands, have noted a reduction in stress and recovery time with ginseng consumption. Another benefit is ginseng’s stimulatory effect on brain cells and improvement in concentration, learning, and thinking ability. It is also used in supplementation for boosting the immune system, help type 2 diabetes, aid weight loss, improve erectile dysfunction, and alleviate menstrual problems. Russian scientists conducted a study that included 60,000 factory workers, 36 gymnasts, and, 35 weight lifters and wrestlers. The results showed improved muscular strength, resistance to strength, and faster recovery. Additionally, Romanian researchers performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled crossover study in which 30 athletes were given 1 gram of ginseng a day over a 6 week period. The results indicated a 13% increase in pectoral strength and 15% gain in quadriceps strength.

 

Sources:
Ratini, Malina, DO, MS. “Ginseng for Your Immune System, Concentration, Heart, and Menopause.” Vitamins and Supplements Lifestyle Guide. WebMD, 14 Apr. 2013.
Reddy, Bill. Performance-enhancing herbs. Acupuncture Today. 11(10). 2010.
“Top 5 Health Benefits of Ginseng.” Newsmax, 09 Mar. 2011

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